Y-27632 2HCL

Cat. No.: DC1028 Featured
Y-27632 2HCL
Chemical Structure
129830-38-2
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More than 5000 active chemicals with high quality for research!
Field of application
Y-27632 2HCl is a selective ROCK1 (p160ROCK) inhibitor with Ki of 140 nM.
Cas No.: 129830-38-2
Chemical Name: (1R,4r)-4-((R)-1-aminoethyl)-N-(pyridin-4-yl)cyclohexanecarboxamide dihydrochloride
Synonyms: Y-27632, Y27632, Y 27632
SMILES: C[C@H](C1CCC(CC1)C(=O)NC2=CC=NC=C2)N.Cl.Cl
Formula: C14H21N3O.2HCl
M.Wt: 320.26
Purity: 99.95%
Sotrage: 2 years -20°C Powder, 2 weeks 4°C in DMSO, 6 months -80°C in DMSO
Description: Y-27632 2Hcl is a selective ROCK1 (p160ROCK) inhibitor with Ki of 140 nM, exhibits >200-fold selectivity over other kinases, including PKC, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, MLCK and PAK. IC50 value: 140 nM (Ki) Target: ROCK1 in vitro: Y-27632 inhibits ROCK-II while displaying little activity against PKC, cAMP-dependent protein kinase and myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) with Ki of 26 μM, 25 μM and > 250 μM, respectively, as well as PKA activated by another Rho-family GTPase member, Cdc42. Y-27632 inhibits smooth-muscle contraction induces by various agonists including phenylephrine, histamine, acetylcholine, serotonin, endothelin, and thromboxane with IC50 of 0.3-1 μM, by selectively inhibiting Ca2+ sensitization. Y-27632 suppresses Rho-induced, p160ROCK-mediated formation of stress fibres in cultured cells. In human embryonic stem (hES) cells, Y-27632 treatment at 10 μM markedly diminishes dissociation-induced apoptosis even in serum-free suspension (SFEB) culture, increases cloning efficiency (from ~1% to ~27%), facilitates subcloning after gene transfer, and enables SFEB-cultured hES cells to survive and differentiate into Bf1+ cortical and basal telencephalic progenitors. in vivo: Oral administration of Y-27632 at 30 mg/kg significantly decreases the blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner in spontaneous hypertensive rats, renal hypertensive rats, as well as deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. When Y-27632 is continuously administered at a rate of 0.55 μL per hour by implanted pumps for 11 days tumor cell invasion (MM1 cells expressing Val14-RhoA in rats) is significantly delayed. By inhibiting ROCK, Y-27632 treatment attenuates hypoxia-induced angiogenesis and vascular remodeling in the pulmonary circulation. For the detailed information about the solubility of Y-27632 2HCL in water, the solubility of Y-27632 2HCL in DMSO, the solubility of Y-27632 2HCL in PBS buffer, the animal experiment(test) of Y-27632 2HCL,the in vivo,in vitro and clinical trial test of Y-27632 2HCL,the cell experiment(test) of Y-27632 2HCL,the IC50, EC50 and Affinity of Y-27632 2HCL, please contact DC Chemicals.
In Vivo: Y-27632 (5 and 10 mg/kg) significantly prolongs the onset time of myoclonic jerks when compare with saline group. Y-27632 (5 and 10 mg/kg) significantly prolongs the onset time of clonic convulsions when compare with saline group[3]. Treatment with Dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) causes a significant decrease in rat body and liver weight (DMN-S group) compared with control animals (S-S group). Oral Y27632 (30 mg/kg) essentially prevents this DMN-induced rat body and liver weight loss (DMN-Y group)[4].
In Vitro: Y-27632 inhibits the ROCK family of kinases 100 times more potently than other kinases including protein kinase C, cAMP-dependent kinase and myosin light chain kinase. Y-27632 prolongs the lag time and delays the appearance of BrdU-labeled cells in a concentration-dependent manner, delays of about 1 and 4 h are noticed in the Swiss 3T3 cells treated with 10 and 100 μM Y-27632, respectively[1]. Y-27632 promotes neuronal differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs). Compared to 1.0 and 2.5 μM Y-27632 induced groups, percentages of neuroal-like cells achieved a peak in the 5.0 μM Y-27632 induced group[2].
References: [1]. Ishizaki T, et al. Pharmacological properties of Y-27632, a specific inhibitor of rho-associated kinases. Mol Pharmacol. 2000 May;57(5):976-83. [2]. Xue ZW, et al. Rho-associated coiled kinase inhibitor Y-27632 promotes neuronal-like differentiation of adult human adipose tissue-derived stem cells.Chin Med J (Engl). 2012 Sep;125(18):3332-5. [3]. Inan S, et al. Antiepileptic effects of two Rho-kinase inhibitors, Y-27632 and fasudil, in mice. Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Sep;155(1):44-51. [4]. Tada S, et al. A selective ROCK inhibitor, Y27632, prevents dimethylnitrosamine-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats. J Hepatol. 2001 Apr;34(4):529-36. [5]. Maldonado M, et al. ROCK inhibitor primes human induced pluripotent stem cells to selectively differentiate towardsmesendodermal lineage via epithelial-mesenchymal transition-like modulation. Stem Cell Res. 2016 Sep;17(2):222-227.
Kinase Assay:

Recombinant ROCK-I, ROCK-II, PKN, or citron kinase is expressed in HeLa cells as Myc-tagged proteins by transfection using Lipofectamine, and is precipitated from the cell lysates by the use of 9E10 monoclonal anti-Myc antibody coupled to G protein-Sepharose. Recovered immunocomplexes are incubated with various concentrations of [32P]ATP and 10 mg of histone type 2 as substrates in the absence or presence of various concentrations of either Y-27632 or Y-30141 at 30°C for 30 min in a total volume of 30 μL of the kinase buffer containing 50 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7.4, 10 mM MgCl2, 5 mM MnCl2, 0.02% Briji 35, and 2 mM dithiothreitol. PKCa is incubated with 5 μM [32P]ATP and 200 μg/mL histone type 2 as substrates in the absence or presence of various concentrations of either Y-27632 or Y-30141 at 30°C for 10 min in a kinase buffer containing 50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 0.5 mM CaCl2, 5 mM magnesium acetate, 25 μg/mL phosphatidyl serine, 50 ng/mL 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate and 0.001% leupeptin in a total volume of 30 μL. Incubation is terminated by the addition of 10 μL of 43 Laemmli sample buffer. After boiling for 5 min, the mixture is subjected to SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis on a 16% gel. The gel is stained with Coomassie Brilliant Blue, and then dried. The bands corresponding to histone type 2 are excised, and the radioactivity is measured[1].

DC has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay:

HeLa cells are plated at a density of 3×104 cells per 3.5-cm dish. The cells are cultured in DMEM containing 10% FBS in the presence of 10 mM Thymidine for 16 h. After the cells are washed with DMEM containing 10% FBS, they are cultured for an additional 8 h, and then 40 ng/mL of Nocodazole is added. After 11.5 h of the Nocodazole treatment, various concentrations of Y-27632 (0-300 μM), Y-30141, or vehicle is added and the cells are incubated for another 30 min[1].

DC has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration:

Mice[3]
Male, inbred Swiss albino mice (2-3 months old) weighing 25-30 g are used. Mice are injected with a sub-convulsive dose of PTZ (35 mg/kg, i.p.) (on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays) of each week for a total of 11 injections. After each PTZ injection, mice are observed for 30 min and the occurrence of convulsive activity is recorded. After 30 min, the mice are then injected with either Fasudil (25 mg/kg, i.p.) or Y-27632 (5 mg/kg, i.p.) and returned to their home cages until the next injection. Control mice for Fasudil and Y-27632 receives saline.
Rats[4]
Male Wistar Kind A rats (200-250 g) are used. DMN (1 g/mL) is diluted ten times with saline (final concentration 1%) and 10 mg/kg per day of DMN is injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) on the first 3 days of each week for 4 weeks. Y27632 is given orally once per day at a dose of 30 mg/kg for 4 weeks starting on the day of the first injection of DMN. The dose of 30 mg/kg corrects hypertension in several rat models without toxicity. Twenty rats are randomized into four experimental groups (n=5 in each group) as follows: (1) S-S (injection of saline i.p. and oral administration of saline); (2) S-Y (injection of saline i.p. and oral administration of Y27632); (3) DMN-S (DMN i.p. and oral administration of saline); (4) DMN-Y (DMN i.p. and oral administration of Y27632). The rats are weighed every week. They are sacrificed at the end of the fourth week and the liver is excised. In addition, a blood sample is taken immediately before the rats are sacrificed.

DC has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References: [1]. Ishizaki T, et al. Pharmacological properties of Y-27632, a specific inhibitor of rho-associated kinases. Mol Pharmacol. 2000 May;57(5):976-83.
[2]. Xue ZW, et al. Rho-associated coiled kinase inhibitor Y-27632 promotes neuronal-like differentiation of adult human adipose tissue-derived stem cells.Chin Med J (Engl). 2012 Sep;125(18):3332-5.
[3]. Inan S, et al. Antiepileptic effects of two Rho-kinase inhibitors, Y-27632 and fasudil, in mice. Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Sep;155(1):44-51.
[4]. Tada S, et al. A selective ROCK inhibitor, Y27632, prevents dimethylnitrosamine-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats. J Hepatol. 2001 Apr;34(4):529-36.
[5]. Maldonado M, et al. ROCK inhibitor primes human induced pluripotent stem cells to selectively differentiate towardsmesendodermal lineage via epithelial-mesenchymal transition-like modulation. Stem Cell Res. 2016 Sep;17(2):222-227.
 
 
 
 
MSDS
COA
LOT NO. DOWNLOAD
2018-0101
2018-0101
Cat. No. Product name Field of application
DC1028 Y-27632 2HCL Y-27632 2HCl is a selective ROCK1 (p160ROCK) inhibitor with Ki of 140 nM.