Home > Inhibitors & Agonists > Metabolic Enzyme/Protease > Endogenous Metabolite
Cat. No. Product name CAS No.
DC28078 2',3'-cGAMP sodium

2',3'-cGAMP sodium (2'-3'-cyclic GMP-AMP sodium) is a endogenous cGAMP in mammalian cells. 2',3'-cGAMP sodium binds to STING with a high affinity and is a potent inducer of interferon-β (IFNβ). 2',3'-cGAMP sodium is produced in mammalian cells in response to DNA in the cytoplasm.

DC28133 Prostaglandin D2

Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) is one of the major PGs actively produced in the brain of various mammals. Prostaglandin D2 is one of the most potent endogenous sleep promoting substances. PGD2 plays a protective role by suppressing inflammation.

41598-07-6
DC28222 β-Cryptoxanthin

β-Cryptoxanthin ((3R)-β-Cryptoxanthin), isolated from Satsuma mandarin orange, is an oxygenated carotenoid and a potent antioxidant. β-Cryptoxanthin has an anti-stress effect.

472-70-8
DC28299 L-hydroxylysine dihydrochloride

L-hydroxylysine dihydrochloride ((2S,5R)-5-Hydroxylysine dihydrochloride), an amino acid, is exclusive to collagen protein, which is formed by posttranslational hydroxylation of some lysine residues.

172213-74-0
DC28300 Mevalonic acid lithium salt

Mevalonic acid lithium salt, a precursor in the mevalonate pathway, is essential for cell growth and proliferation.

DC28301 Cysteinylglycine TFA

Cysteinylglycine TFA is an endogenous metabolite and used in disease diagnosis.

1100364-95-1
DC28302 Tetrahydrocortisone

Tetrahydrocortisone is a stress-induced hormone. Tetrahydrocortisone is also a urinary metabolite of Cortisone derived from the reduction of Cortisone by 5-reductase.

53-05-4
DC28303 Allotetrahydrocortisol

Allotetrahydrocortisol (5a-Tetrahydrocortisol) is a metabolite of Cortisol. Cortisol is the main glucocorticoid in human. It is produced in adrenal cortex and plays a crucial role in many physiological processes.

302-91-0
DC28304 7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one

7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one is an intermediate in synthesis of bile acids from cholesterol. 7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one is a pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonist. 7α-Hydroxy-cholest-4-en-3-one is a biomarker for bile acid loss, irritable bowel syndrome, and other diseases associated with defective bile acid biosynthesis. 7α-Hydroxy-cholest-4-en-3-one is the physiological substrate for CYP8B1.

3862-25-7
DC28305 FAPy-adenine

FAPy-adenine is an oxidized DNA base. Fapy-adenine shows an increased trend levels in the Alzheimer's disease brain. Oxidized nucleosides are biochemical markers for tumors, aging, and neurodegenerative diseases.

5122-36-1
DC28306 Aldosterone

Aldosterone is the primary mineralocorticoid. Aldosterone is a steroid hormone, and it is synthesized and secreted in response to renin-angiotensin system activation (RAS) or high dietary potassium by the zona glomerulosa (ZG) of the adrenal cortex. Aldosterone activity is dependent by the binding and activation of the cytoplasmic/nuclear mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) at cellular level.

52-39-1
DC28307 2-Methylcitric acid

2-Methylcitric acid (Methylcitric acid) is an endogenous metabolite in the 2-methylcitric acid cycle. 2-Methylcitric acid accumulates in methylmalonic and propionic acidemias and acts as a marker metabolite. 2-Methylcitric acid markedly inhibits ADP-stimulated and uncoupled respiration in mitochondria supported by glutamate.

6061-96-7
DC28308 2-Methylcitric acid trisodium

2-Methylcitric acid trisodium (Methylcitric acid trisodium) is an endogenous metabolite in the 2-methylcitric acid cycle. 2-Methylcitric acid trisodium accumulates in methylmalonic and propionic acidemias and acts as a marker metabolite. 2-Methylcitric acid trisodium markedly inhibits ADP-stimulated and uncoupled respiration in mitochondria supported by glutamate.

117041-96-0
DC28326 Resolvin E1

Resolvin E1 (RvE1), a potent endogenous pro-resolving mediator of inflammation, is derived from omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Resolvin E1 is endogenously biosynthesized from EPA in the presence of Aspirin during the spontaneous resolution phase of acute inflammation, where specific cell-cell interactions occur. Resolvin E1 possesses unique counterregulatory actions that inhibit polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) transendothelial migration. Resolvin E1 also acts as a potent inhibitor of leukocyte infiltration, dendritic cell migration, and IL-12 production.

552830-51-0
DC28344 11-Beta-hydroxyandrostenedione

11-Beta-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-Androsten-11β-ol-3,17-dione) is a steroid mainly found in the the adrenal origin (11β-hydroxylase is present in adrenal tissue, but absent in ovarian tissue). 11-Beta-hydroxyandrostenedione is a 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11βHSD) isozymes inhibitor. As 4-androstenedione increases, measuring plasma 11-Beta-hydroxyandrostenedione can distinguish the adrenal or ovarian origin of hyperandrogenism.

382-44-5
DC28364 (±)20-HDHA

(±)20-HDHA ((±)20-HDoHE) is a racemic mixture and is an autoxidation product of Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). (±)20-HDHA is also formed by peroxidation process in human platelets and rat brain homogenate.

90906-41-5
DC28401 Simvastatin acid ammonium

Simvastatin ammonium is an active metabolite of simvastatin lactone mediated by CYP3A4/5 in the intestinal wall and liver (pKa=5.5). Simvastatin ammonium reduces indoxyl sulfate-mediated reactive oxygen species and modulates OATP3A1 expression in cardiomyocytes and HEK293 cells transfected with the OATP3A1 gene.

139893-43-9
DC28425 Hydroxy bosentan

Hydroxy bosentan (Ro 48-5033) is a primary metabolite of Bosentan (BOS) metabolized by the cytochrome P450 system in the liver. Ro 48-5033 assists BOS pharmacologically, retaining 10%-20% activities.

253688-60-7
DC28456 Pentacosanoic acid

Pentacosanoic acid is a 25-carbon long-chain saturated fatty acid. Pentacosanoic is a conjugate acid of a pentacosanoate.

506-38-7
DC28463 Resolvin D1

Resolvin D1 (RvD1), an endogenous pro-resolving mediator of inflammation, is derived from omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid during the resolution phase of acute inflammation. Resolvin D1 blocks proinflammatory neutrophil migration by regulating actin polymerization, reduces TNF-α–mediated inflammation in macrophages, and enhances phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by macrophages.

872993-05-0
DC28500 SAICAR

SAICAR is an intermediate of de novo purine nucleotide biosynthesis, activates pyruvate kinase isoform M2 (PKM2) in an isozyme-selective manner, with an EC50 of 0.3 mM. SAICAR stimulates PKM2 and promotes cancer cell survival in glucose-limited conditions.

3031-95-6
DC28533 Lobeline sulfate

Lobeline sulfate (α-Lobeline sulfate; L-Lobeline sulfate) is a nonstimulant medication that can alter dopamine uptake in brain. Lobeline sulfate (α-Lobeline sulfate; L-Lobeline sulfate) inhibits nicotine-induced hyperactivity and is effective in smoking cessation.

134-64-5
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